Ethnic background. Diabetes happens more often in Hispanic/Latino Americans, African-Americans, Native Americans, Asian-Americans, Pacific Islanders, and Alaska natives.
High blood pressure: That means blood pressure over 140/90.
Low levels of HDL (“good”) cholesterol and high levels of triglycerides.
Family history. You have a parent or sibling who has diabetes.
Polycystic ovary syndrome.
Age: Over 40. And overweight.
Prediabetes Before people develop type 2 diabetes, they almost always have “prediabetes” — blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. This condition puts you at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
For some people with prediabetes, early treatment can actually return blood glucose levels to the normal range. Research shows that you can lower your risk for type 2 diabetes by 58% by:
Losing 7% of your body weight (or 15 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds).
Exercising moderately(such as brisk walking) 30 minutes a day, five days a week.